Today's Economic History: The Vineyard of Copanis

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Jake Nabel: Parthian Sources Online: The Vineyard of Copanis:

1 During the reign of the king of kings Arsaces, the Benefactor, the Just, the Mani-
2 fest, and the Lover of Greeks, and of the queens Siake, his agnate
3 sister and wife, and Aryazate who is surnamed
4 Automa, daughter of the great king Tigranes and his [i.e. Arsaces’] wife,
5 and of Azate, his agnate sister and wife, in the year 225,

6 In the month of Apellaios, in the district of Baiseira, by the station of Baithrabar-
7 ta, in the village of Copanis, in the presence of the witnesses who are recorded below.

8 Baraces and Sobenes, the sons of Maiphorros, agreed and recorded
9 that they had received from Gathakes son of Oipates in coined mon-
10 ey: thirty drachmae, the price of a vineyard which is located in the village
11 of Kopanis, known as Dadbakanras, his own am-
12 ount, which was due to him from the co-owners along with water,
13 [a part which comes] with trees both fruit-bearing and not, and with an entrance and an exit
14 and with all the things which belong to it. Let one part belong to Barakes an-
15 d the one part to Gathakes, on the condition that, once he has taken it over, the aforementioned Gathakes
16 will hold the vineyard that he has bought with silver for all time, both he himself
17 and his descendants, performing yearly in common all the things written in
18 the old contract in full. And let it not be lawful for Bara-
19 kes or for his brother or for their descendants or for any-
20 one acting on their behalf to dispossess Gathakes of the vineyard which
21 he purchased with silver – neither him nor his descedants. Whoever should dispossess him,
22 or, if someone else tries to do so and they do not stand by [Gathakes] and eject [the intruder], and should
23 they not then acquit themselves, let them lose their rights and pay back the sum
24 they received twofold, and let him pay in addition a fine of 200 drachmae and to the king the
25 same amount. But if Gathakes too neglects the vineyard and does not ke-
26 ep it in good order, let him pay the same fine. And [he shall have]
27 half the water every eighth day(?) and half of the water that comes in
28 at night. Witnesses: Chosstroes son of Orkadates; Apakes
29 son of Hystoboges; Meiridates son of Ochobages… and 35(?) of meat, 1 ελος(?), 50 baskets(?) of loaves,
30 8 oxen, 2 co[tylae?] of wine, and 1 drachma for possession.