**Note to Self**: Prisoners' Dilemma Tweets...

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048597577229373440

https://twitter.com/XLProfessor/status/1048599003821047809

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048609562217996288

https://twitter.com/JonWalkerDC/status/1048610059926700032

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048610236418772993

https://twitter.com/akcayerol/status/1048609883036299264

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048610846014763008

https://twitter.com/laseptiemewilay/status/1048610348583010305

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048610963497209856

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048611584552009728

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048612380895105024

https://twitter.com/thorgamma/status/1048614023552552966

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048614093270081536

https://twitter.com/oliverbeige/status/1048613269487980545

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048614520242020352

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048614537962770432

https://twitter.com/MarkARKleiman/status/1048614352067149825

https://twitter.com/MarkARKleiman/status/1048614353640022017

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048615646743785472

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048616583784873984

https://twitter.com/delong/status/1048624515289436162

https://twitter.com/MarkARKleiman/status/1048615957189611520

https://twitter.com/dannyschwab/status/1048629320393084929

https://twitter.com/MarkARKleiman/status/1048630608476426241

https://twitter.com/dannyschwab/status/1048632117171838976

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#prisonerdilemmaorprisonersdilemma
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The first write-up of the Prisoner's (or is it Prisoners'?) Dilemma: **Merrill Flood** (1958): *Some Experimental Games*: "Summary: Two players non-cooperatively choose rows and columns of their payoff matrices in a series of 100 plays of a non-constant sum game. The purpose of this experimental game is to determine which of several theories best describes their behavior. The players, being familiar with zero-sum game theory, happen to choose a poor solution for their non-constant-sum game...

...The experiment suggests the hypothesis that people tend to start near an equilibrium point and then try to find a better equilibrium if there is one. At the end of the series of plays the players appear to be converging to a cooperative split-the-difference principle, or a cooperatiive von Neumann-Morgenstern solution, in this formally non-cooperative game. The social relationship between players appears to be an important factor. (January 1950)

There are now several theories for various special classes of games, some of which are not formally games in the von Neumann-Morgenstern sense. One theory that is of interest is that of Nash for games in which coalitions are prohibited, called non-cooperative games. One brief experiment was conducted with a two-person positive-sum non-cooperative game in order to find whether or not the subjects tended to behave as they should if the Nash theory were applicable,9 or if their behavior tended more toward the von Neumann-Morgenstern solution, the split-the-difference principle, or some other yet-to-be-discovered principle.

The two subjects AA and JW were familiar with two-person zero-sum game theory. They also knew something of the von Neumann-Morgenstern theory for non-constant sum games, but were not familiar either with the work by Nash or with the split-the-difference principle. It was originally intended that non-cooperation be enforced by keeping each subject in ignorance about the identity of his opponent, but this was not done, due to an accident at the outset; the experiment certainly seemed to be fully non-cooperative since there was no evidence of side payments, but there may well have been some implicit collusion within the rules of the game...

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#shouldread
#gametheory
#prisonersdilemmaorprisonersdilemma
#behavioral
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